Concepts for the Development of the Third World A Review of the Changing Thoughts between 1945 and 1985

by Frithjof Kuhnen

Recently, development aid has been the subject of serious criticisms at the national and international level. It is deplored that, after forty years of international efforts and considerable investment of funds, millions of people still cannot satisfy their simplest needs. Some of the critics are of the opinion that development aid is more prejudicial than beneficial. In general, doubt is expressed as to whether the problem is tackled in the proper way. In this situation, it seems useful to review the development strategies hitherto as well as the concepts for developing the Third World. Thereby, it is particularly interesting to analyse how the development of rural areas, where the majority of the poor people live, had been intended and what the results have been.