Utilization of locally common strategies to ensure survival
For generations the inhabitants of such areas have developed
skills in adapting to the rough environment and to secure
lasting survival. These experiences have often been ignored
and are in part little known. Research has mainly been done
in the productive irrigated areas.
Traditional strategies include:
- Production strategies
(soil protection and improvement; measures for livestock
and agricultural production; agri-forestry, household production;
crafts; non-agricultural activities)
- Optimization strategies
(relations, coalitions, patronage; accepted dependence)
- Exchange strategies
(exchange of land, labour, capital; redistribution).
Survival is secured by using all resources available and
combining them through exchange and optimization. Especially
the latter are vital to such marginal locations.