The majority of agricultural households do not live from
farming alone, but from a combination of agricultural and
non-agricultural incomes. The mere size of most holdings makes
this necessary: Two thirds of all holdings in the world are
smaller than two hectares. Under normal circumstances this
is not sufficient for guaranteeing a decent Irving for a family.
Multiple employment has been increasing in recent times because
of the constant distribution of land due to inheritance and
the increasing number of non-agricultural jobs.
There are various forma of multiple empIoyment:
- multiple employment by individuals
- multiple employment within the household
- "extended famlly economy"
- multiple employment by remigration of urban population
These forma of multiple employment have consequences for
the interest people have in farming. Not all see their future
in agriculture but aspire for other goals. As well, extension
service and other support institutions have to adjust to different
goals. All development measures have to ascertain whether
multiple employment households are still interested in agriculture.