1.1.2 Systems of Land Management
(Technical and Economic Agrarian Structure)
Agriculture-cultivation and use of the land- is a form of
production based on the process of growth of animals and plants.
In its originalform, man creates food and other articles of
consumption by using his labour to cultivate a piece of land.
At a very early stage, he attempted to make this work easier
by making simple implements and, thus, form capital. Traditional
cultivation of the land utilizes, in other words, the conventional
production factors labour, land, and capital.
In the modern world and in rudimentary forms even much earlier
the farmer runs a type of enterprise. His goal is of an economic
nature: he produces in order to cover his own needs, to barter,
and in modern. times, to sell. The modern farmer is tied to
the overall society by his enterprise. He is dependent upon
suppliers and buyers and has to fulfil their wishes and conditions.
Modern agriculture is not only an interplay between the soil,
solar energy, and labour, but is rather determined by a number
of modern factors that originate outside agriculture.
In the endeavour to cope with these factors and achieve as
productive cultivation as possible, requirements emerge that
cannot be met by the individual farmer. The success of his
farming depends, therefore, upon the extent to which his efforts
are supported by social institutions that help him in the
areas in which he reaches the limits of his own possibilities.